An enema is a medical or non medical procedure involving the evacuation of the bowels and lower intestinal system. There are many conditions that require an enema to be performed as part of the procedure. Constipation is a condition that affects many people across the world. It is often caused by insufficient roughage intake or dehydration but can also be caused by many other factors. An enema will help relieve the symptoms by allowing the bowels to be quickly and effectively eliminated.
Enema Colon Cleansing
An enema is performed by introducing a fluid to the bowels using the anus as the entry point. The rapid filling of this area with fluid expands the diameter of the lower intestinal tract. This increased diameter allows fecal matter to flow quickly out of the bowels and also reduces the effectiveness of the anal sphincter in controlling this flow. An enema is always followed by an immediate need to defecate and often results in a complete defecation leaving the person with a feeling of complete evacuation. The fluid used in an enema procedure is usually clean water which may be slightly warm. Some procedures involve the use of other agents in the water such as sodium bicarbonate or lubricating oils. There are side effects associated with an enema. A person who has undergone an enema may have trouble controlling the flow of fecal matter for up to 24 hours after the procedure. This is because a lubricating agent has been used. It may also be because of the widening of the anal sphincter that might have occurred during the procedure. This tends not to be a problem amongst patients who are undergoing enema treatment for constipation or fecal impaction.
When examining the lower intestines and the bowels for problems, an enema is used to clear the area. The enema also serves the purpose of cleaning the insides of the bowel, making it easier for a diagnostic test to be conducted. Many conditions such as ulcerative colitis have symptoms that are visible on the colon wall. It is therefore necessary to evacuate and clean the bowels completely before this procedure can be successfully performed.
Enema treatment is used as a method of relieving constipation. It may also be used as a diagnostic procedure in the form of a barium enema. A barium enema is used to diagnose any problems that may affect the inner lining of the intestinal system which is not visible in a conventional scan.